02 January 2019
The Directorate General of Teacher and Education Personnel at the Ministry of Education and Culture (MoEC) held a national coordination team (TKN) meeting in Jakarta on 13th December, 2018, with the National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Alleviation (TNP2K) and the five district governments hosting the KIAT Guru pilot. The TKN reported on the pilot’s progress and created policy recommendations for national and local governments to improve teacher governance. Of particular focus was tying the payment of teachers’ remote area allowance to teacher presence, and empowering communities to improve student learning outcomes.
The TKN meeting was preceded by a workshop in Bogor, West Java (10-12 December 2018), with participants representing the program’s key stakeholders and beneficiaries—district, subdistrict and village governments; as well as schools and communities of the five pilot districts.
The results of the workshop were then reported in this meeting to TKN advisors from the Ministry of National Development/the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas); Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture (Kemenko PMK); MoEC; the Ministry of Finance (MoF); the Ministry of Villages, Disadvantaged Areas and Transmigration (MoV); the respective district governments; development partners; and Yayasan BaKTI.
The results of the World Bank’s KIAT Guru pilot impact evaluation show that the pilot improves both teacher and student presence, which significantly improves student learning outcomes, and decreases rates of illiteracy and innumeracy. The most significant impact is realized in schools where the payment of teachers’ remote area allowance is tied to teacher presence; which is captured using the android-based KIAT Camera application. The progress of students in this group is 3.5 times better than students in control group schools.
In response to the good news, the five pilot districts, Sintang, Landak, Ketapang, East Manggarai and West Manggarai, committed to expanding the program’s coverage from 203 primary schools to 386 schools in 2019.
The TKN drew favorable responses from a number of key national stakeholders. Bambang Widianto, Deputy for Policy Support, Human Development and Equality at the Office of the Vice President, said, “KIAT Guru Pilot is the initial step in finding the correct mechanism to tie allowance to the performance of state apparatus, including teachers, to improve students’ learning outcomes.”
R. Agus Sartono, Deputy for Education and Religion Coordination at the Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture, suggested, “KIAT Guru be aligned with other policies—such as the Teacher Training Institution (LPTK) and the Bachelor Degree Education Program for Remote, Outlying and Disadvantaged Regions (SM3T)—in solving the issue of teacher distribution.”
Subandi, Deputy for Human, Community and Cultural Development in Bappenas, welcomed the achievements of the pilot and recommended the approach “to be expanded to other regions.”
Supriano, Chair of the National Coordination Team, and Director General of Teacher and Education Personnel, closed the meeting asserting that, “The regulation for KIAT Guru program as a model of performance-based allowance, and as a minister priority program, will be extended in 2019”; adding, “before the performance-based allowance is implemented as national policy in 2020, the pilot should be tested in secondary schools and urban areas.”
KIAT Guru (Teachers’ Performance and Accountability) Pilot aims to improve education service delivery in remote villages by empowering communities and tying payment of the remote area allowance with either teachers’ presence or teachers’ service quality. The pilot is a collaboration between the Ministry of Education and Culture, the National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction (TNP2K), and governments of five disadvantaged districts; Sintang, Landak and Ketapang in West Kalimantan as well as West and East Manggarai in East Nusa Tenggara. Yayasan BaKTI implements the program with technical support from the World Bank and funding from the Government of Australia and USAID.